Caladiums are a hardy lot, most of you will experience very little in the way of diseases -the most common caladium diseases are Fusarium and Pythium - the main symptom is root rot.  Use fungicides such as Medallion to control Fusarium and Subdue to control Pythium.   A number of effective fungicides are now available in granular form and therefore may be incorporated in the soil. Generally, the problems you may see with your caladiums are caused by watering (or lack of), too much sun or fertilizers. Bulbs that are exposed to temperatures below 55 may grow  poorly or not grow at all.

Stunted Growth:        
Make sure that bulbs are not stored at temperatures below 60F (16C), or above 90 (32C).  Injury due to temperature exposure manifests itself in stunted (sometimes very slow) erratic growth even though the bulb does not show any injury at all.

Sunburn:                    
White and pink varieties that have been grown during cloudy, early spring days and are suddenly exposed to high light intensity might show brown blotches on the leaves.  Additional shade will stop this problem.  Fannie Munson is usually first to burn, so it may be useful as an indicator plant.

Leaf Spots:                
A bacterial leaf spot may occur that is caused by a bacterial pathogen known as Xanthomonas.  To prevent damage due to Xanthomonas, be sure plants are well spaced, that there is plenty of air circulation and keep the foliage dry.  The bactericide Agrastrep, can be a useful spray material but the cultural controls listed above are best.  Nutrient imbalances may cause leaf spots. A pH higher than 7.0 is also known to cause brown spots.

Other Foliage Problems:      
Pink areas in white varieties like White Christmas are usually are a stress related symptom.  High temperatures (>100F) can induce this symptom.  If you can cool off your caladiums, this problem should disappear in newly emerging leaves if it has been caused by high temperature.

Light Intensity:         
Caladiums can be forced under a wide range of light intensities.  Thirty percent shade (achieving light levels of 2500 to 5000 foot candles or greater) seems to be acceptable.  In northern areas, it may be possible to produce caladiums under 0-20% shade, since light intensity is not as high as in the south.  Spacing can also affect light available to the plant.  Since Caladiums have such a short crop time, it is wise to space them as soon as they sprout. 

Fertilization:              
We recommend:

   50-100 PPM  N (constant) of 6-6-6 or 20-20-20 or

    300 PPM  N (weekly) with fresh water in between

Insect Control:          
Caladiums are rarely damaged by insects or related pests.  But a good pest-monitoring program together with Orthene is recommended for the control of aphids.  A general all-purpose insecticide is usually sufficient


Related: Caladium insects

 


Classic Caladiums
1315 S.R. 64 West ~ Avon Park, FL ~ 33825
Toll Free: 888-912-0020    Ph: (863)-453-0014    Fax: (863) 453-0015